The human brain is responsible for so much! Its complexity comes from the fact that it’s made up of several different parts, all which have their own important functions. Our ability to balance, eat, walk, and talk all come from our brain, and the human brain also regulates our breathing, blood circulation, and heart rate. A brain injury can interrupt these important functions.
This guide examines the different parts of the brain, what their individual functions are, and what could be the results of brain injuries to specific parts of the brain.
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Roughly 75% of the human brain is made up of water. Therefore, even dehydration can have a negative effect on the functions of your brain. Traumatic brain injuries, on the other hand, can have devastating and debilitating effects. The brain weighs just about three pounds, and it grows about three times in size within the first year of your life. It then continues to grow until you’re around 18 years old.
What Are the Different Parts of Your Brain?
There are six different sections of the brain, which are the frontal lobe, temporal lobe, parietal lobe, occipital lobe, cerebellum, and brain stem. Each of these lobes has its own specific and important functions. Collectively, they’re what make your brain work!
- Frontal Lobe: This part of your brain is responsible for your attention, concentration, self-monitoring, organization, expressive language (speaking), awareness of your abilities and limitations, motor planning and initiation, personality, mental flexibility, emotions, problem-solving skills, planning, judgment, and inhibition of behavior. The frontal lobe is responsible for a lot!
- Temporal Lobe: The temporal lobe is the part of your brain that is responsible for sequencing, hearing, understanding language (receptive language), organization, and your memory.
- Parietal Lobe: The parietal lobe is responsible for your sense of touch, visual perception, depth perception, and ability to identify colors, sizes, and shapes.
- Occipital Lobe: The occipital lobe governs your vision.
- Cerebellum: Your visual perception, skilled motor activity, and balance and coordination are due to the cerebellum of the human brain.
- Brain Stem: The brain stem has several key functions, including regulating the heart rate, sleep and wake cycles, consciousness, breathing, and arousal.
What Are the Effects of Brain Injuries?
The effects that a person might experience due to a traumatic brain injury are dependent on which part of the human brain is affected.
- Frontal Lobe: If the frontal lobe is injured, it could affect your behavior, impulses, or ability to control your emotions. You may also experience trouble speaking or recalling past events.
- Temporal Lobe: If the temporal lobe of the brain is injured, memory and communication issues may arise.
- Parietal Lobe: The ability to properly use your five primary senses could be in jeopardy if you suffer an injury to the parietal lobe.
- Occipital Lobe: If you experience an injury to this part of the brain, you could have trouble seeing things or perceiving the size and shape of objects in your view.
- Cerebellum: Your coordination, balance, and movement will be negatively affected if you suffer an injury to the cerebellum.
- Brain Stem: If an injury occurs to the brain stem, you would experience issues pertaining to involuntary functions that are necessary for survival, including you’re your breathing and heart rate.